Orthopaedic and Spine Conditions
Arthritis – arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints which results in pain, stiffness and limited movement. There are over 100 different types of arthritis.
Compression Fractures – a break in a vertebra that collapses its height, pressuring the spinal nerves. Compression fractures are very common in the lumbar and cervical areas.
Bulging/Herniated discs – When the spongy cushion between two vertebrae bulges or “herniates” (like a jelly doughnut spilling its filling), pressing on the surrounding nerves. Disc fragments can splinter and cause further debilitating pain.
Osteoarthritis – a condition where the joints of the spine wear down, even to the point of two vertebrae rubbing together with no cushion between.
Osteoporosis – a loss of bone density, seen mostly in women. Osteoporosis has many of the same symptoms as osteoarthritis in the spine.
Radiculopathy/Sciatica – burning, tingling, or numbness along the “braid” of nerves that extends from the last lumbar vertebra down into the leg and foot. When the nerve is impeded by a herniated disc or osteoarthritis, the resulting pain can make it difficult to walk, sit or stand.
Scoliosis – a common spinal abnormality of childhood, sometimes resulting in unequal leg length or heights of hips and shoulders.
Spinal Cord Injury – accidental injury to the neck, thoracic vertebrae (chest region), or lumbar spine. Orthopaedic spine surgeons and neurosurgeons work with the Institute’s traumatologist to stabilize emergency patients who have come through our Trauma Center prior to emergency spine surgery.
Spinal Stenosis – narrowing of the spinal canal, brought on by age, injury, disc herniations, or metatstatic cancer. (see Research)
Spinal Tumors – lesions on the spine that may be benign or malignant. Since these tumors are close to other vital structures, our surgeons may opt to provide minimally invasive techniques when possible.
Spondylolisthesis – also known as “slipped discs,” the condition usually occurs in the 4th and 5th lumbar vertebrae. Spondylolisthesis pinches the sciatic nerve between the uneven (asymmetrical) bones.
Find an A-Z list of conditions and injuries, including illustrations to help you better understand your symptoms and diagnosis.
Call 215-481-BONE today to find an Institute orthopaedic spine surgeon or neurosurgeon.