Thyroid Cancer Treatments
Thyroid cancer patients may receive radioactive iodine treatment after total or near-total thyroidectomy (surgical removal of thyroid gland). This nuclear medicine therapy is used to eliminate any thyroid tissue that may remain after surgery or prevent a recurrence of thyroid cancer.
After surgery and before radioactive iodine treatment begins, patients are typically evaluated with I-131 whole body scanning with dosimetry (dose measurement), under the close supervision of the medical physicist and nuclear medicine physician.
Dosimetry allows the physician to calculate the appropriate ablation (to destroy tissue) and therapy dose which can be safely administered. This individualizes each patient dose while limiting the radiation dose to the blood.
Learn more about our thyroid cancer care: